Location : Built Along The
Seashore Of The Bay
Of Bengal, Andhra Pradesh
Famous As : Shipbuilding Centre
Also Known As : Vizag
Attractions : Kailasagiri, Dolphin's Nose, Ramakrishna
Beach, Rishikonda Beach
The History of Visakhapatnam
According to the history, the city was named after the god of 'Valor-Vishakha'.
It was a part of the Kalinga Kingdom, under Ashoka's rule in 260 B.C.
It passed on later to the Andhra Kings of 'Vengi'. After this Pallava,
Chola and Ganga dynasties ruled the city. In the 15th century,
Vishakhapatnam became a part of the Vijayanagar Empire.
The Europeans, the Dutch,
the French and the English established themselves from the 17th
century onwards and used this as a major trading center to export
textiles, ivory, tobacco, indigo etc. This port is well documented in
the histories of these colonial powers as well as in Indian historical
records. This coast played a major role during the reign of the Asaf
Jahis and the Golcondas.
The City Of Destiny
Vishakhapatnam is built along the seashore of the Bay of Bengal, and
is bounded and broken by the bold headland called the Dolphin's Nose
(357m above the sea level). The city boasts of a beautiful beach with
a long beach road ending at nearly Bheemunipatnam on the northern end.
The surrounding area is dominated on the west by the well-forested
Eastern Ghats and farther east is drained by numerous rivers, among
them the Godavari and Indravati.
The city is also known as "Vizag" and is surrounded by three hills,
each of which has a shrine dedicated to a different religion -
Venkateswara temple (also spelt as Venkateshwara) on Venkateswara
Konda, Baba Ishaq Madina Dargah on Dargah Konda and Church of the
Virgin Mary on Rose hill.
A Prominent Shipbuilding Centre
Vishakhapatnam is an important shipbuilding centre; the first steamer
to be built in India was launched in Vishakhapatnam's harbour in 1948.
Vishakhapatnam's port has grown greatly in importance because it has
the only protected harbour on the Coromandel Coast. Agriculture is the
mainstay of the region's economy. There are major industries like Ship
Building, Oil Refinery, Fertilizer, Petro Chemicals, Steel Mills and a
Naval base. The suburb of Waltair, at the north end of the bay, is the
site of Andhra University.
Vishakhapatnam is the true spot where one can find the beauty of
Andhra. From lakes to cool beaches, from beautiful hill ranges to
caves and valleys enclosures, Vishakhapatnam has them all. A visit to
Vishakhapatnam will definitely be exciting, enriching and refreshing
experience with all its sun kissed beaches, caves and temples.
Major Attractions of Vishakhapatnam
Kailasagiri is located on a hilltop and is a must to visiting place
for all people visiting Vishakhapatnam. The charming hill on the
seafront, affords a breath taking scenic view, especially towards
Just 8-km from Vishakhapatnam is the Rishikonda Beach, a golden,
unspoilt beach, washed by the sun-warmed sea.
One of the loveliest beaches on the East Coast, the Ramakrishna beach
is a favorite resort for tourists visiting Vishakhapatnam.
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park
The Indira Gandhi Zoological Park is located in Vishakhapatnam amidst
the scenic eastern ghats of India, flanked by hills on either sides
and Bay of Bengal on the east.
Excursions of Vishakhapatnam
Anantagiri is a breathtakingly beautiful resort sheltered in the lush
undulating ranges of the Eastern Ghats. It is considered to be a
perfect head off to get away from the blistering summer months. The
Ananthagiri hills are on the way to Araku Valley and are famous for
About 16-km from Vishakhapatnam is Simhachalam, famous for the temple
of Sri Varaha Lakshminarasimha. Architecturally this ancient temple
deserves high praise.
About 115-km from Vishakhapatnam is the beautiful Araku Valley, with
its bracing climate, orchards, and the Ananthagiri Ghats, which
present an enchanting view to the visitors, is attracting tourists not
only in India but from abroad too.
At a distance of about 90-95-km from Vishakhapatnam are the Borra
Caves, which attained historical and religious importance.
About 25-km from Vishakhapatnam is Bheemunipatnam. The most important
aspect of interest at the place is the beach, which is perhaps
matchless for its beauty all along the east coast.
Festivals of Vishakhapatnam
The annual tourism event, the 'Vishakha Utsav' is held in
Vishakhapatnam for three days from the third Friday to Sunday in the
month of January.
Shopping in Vishakhapatnam
Vizag is better known as an industrial centre, but in reality it is a
city of shopkeepers. For some reason shops in the same trade tend to
be located next to each other, which makes shop hopping and bargain
hunting easier. Earlier the area around Kurupam market with its narrow
lanes and poky shops, was famous for Gold and Silver shopping.
Of late jewellery shops have sprung up in the area in Dwaraka Nagar on
the other side of TSR complex. The entire stretch of road extending
from Jagadamba Junction to the Old Post Office has literally countless
shops selling a wide variety of items. Chandana Brothers, Bommana,
Puchala, are the famous shops, which sell almost all sari varieties.
The government owned / run Lepakshi is the place for handicrafts.
Places to stay in Vishakhapatnam
Daspalla Hotels Limited
Dolphin Hotels Limited
Hotel Jyothi Swaroopa
Hotel Taj Residency
Nearby Cities of Vishakhapatnam
Simhachalam: 16 km
Araku Valley: 115 km
Borra Caves: 90 to 95 km
How to Get There
Vishakhapatnam has an airport. Indian Airlines flies to Vishakhapatnam
daily from Mumbai, Kolkatta, Hyderabad and Chennai.
Vishakhapatnam is the centre point for the trains going between
Chennai and Howra and Howrah and Secunderabad. It is well connected by
rail to all the important places in and outside the state.
National Highway No.5 (Howrah to Chennai) passes through
Vishakhapatnam. The Vishakhapatnam to Steel Plant - Anakapalli Road is
most modern 4 Line Highway spans 45-km. The APSRTC runs buses and
private buses connect major cities of the state and the cities in the
neighboring states of Orissa and Madhya Pradesh with Vishakhapatnam.