Assam is the
land of wooded hills and vales. With Brahmaputra river meandering
through, sprawling tea gardens, enticing songs and dances, fine silks,
the state is a must on the itinerary of international as well as
Indian tourists. Also known as the land of the 'Red River', the
Brahmaputra, and the 'Blue Hills' Assam offers awesome panoramic
beauty with its exceptional flora and fauna, lofty green hills,
boundless rolling plains, strong waterways and verdant deciduous
Assam is identified by its Bihu songs and dances, the Kaziranga Wild
Life Sanctuary where the rare one-horned rhinoceros roams at will and
silks such as 'paat' and 'muga' which rank amongst the finest in the
world. The state's tea, which finds its way to millions of homes all
over the globe and the Shrine of Kamakhya which, draws thousands of
devotees every year.
beauty is a fact that defies imagination. The rarest of flora and
fauna, blue hills and green tea, a bustling capital and black oil, it
is a beauty that soothes even as it disturbs. Assam is bounded by
Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan in the north, Nagaland to the east, and
Manipur and Mizoram to the south. In the south-west, Assam touches the
borders of West Bengal and Bangladesh.
Guwahati, the commercial capital of Assam, the tour starts from
Kamakhya temple, Basistha Ashram, Zoo, Gita mandir, Nabagraha temple,
Assam State Museum. Assam is very rich in wildlife. There are three
national parks and 12 wildlife sanctuaries of which Kaziranga and
Manas are most well-known.
Gateway To The Northeast: Guwahati, the industrial and commercial
hub of Assam is revered for its ancient Hindu temples. It spreads at
the edge of the vast moving, river-sea of the Brahmaputra. It's the
service center for the oil industry and tea plantations. The world's
largest tea auctions are held in the nearby city Dispur, the offcial
People: The Assamese are a mixture of Mongolian-Tibetan, Aryan,
and Burman ethnic origins. Their language is akin to Bengali, spoken
in West Bengal and in Bangladesh. Since the late 19th century a vast
number of immigrants from Bangladesh have entered the valley, where
they have settled to cultivate the almost empty lands, particularly
the low floodplains. The hilly margins of the plain are inhabited by
the hill tribes of the Garo, Khasi, and Hajong. The Bodo are the
largest minority group in Assam and are concentrated in the northern
areas of the Brahmaputra River valley.
Occupation in Assam: Agriculture is basic to Assam's economy. Rice
is grown on about two-thirds of the cultivated area; tea and jute are
also important crops, and their sale accounts for a major portion of
Assam's income. Other significant crops include oilseeds, peas, beans,
canola (rapeseed), sugarcane, and fruits. Oil and coal are found in
upper Assam, and the state produces about one-sixth of India's
petroleum and natural gas.
Handicrafts of Assam: Artist and sculptors, masons and architects,
and others practicing minor crafts such as weavers, spinners, potters,
goldsmiths, artisanns of ivory, wood, bamboo, cane and hide flourished
in Assam from ancient times. Every household possesses a handloom used
to produce silk and (or) cotton clothes of exquisite designs. The Eri,
Muga and Pat are the important silk products of Assam.
CLIMATE IN ASSAM: Assam has mild winters and warm summers. Summer
is March to June and monsoon from July to August. November to February
is winter. Average temperature is moderate, about 29 degress C in the
hottest month of August. The average valley temperature in January is
16 degrees C. The real force of the monsoon winds is felt from June
onward. Rainfall in Assam ranks among the highest in the world; annual
rainfall varies from 70 inches in the west to 120 inches in the east.
Best season: February to May.
Population in Assam: 25 million
of Assam: Assam observes Bhogali Bihu , Rongali Bihu, Kati Bihu,
Janmashthami and Durga Puja festivals. Rangali Bihu, the main Bihu
festival, is in April. This festival is essentially in celebration of
a good harvest and is accompanied with lively dances, music and
feasting. Guwahati also celebrates the Ambuchi Festival in July.