Area 55673 sq. km
Population 5.2 million
Literacy 64% Average rain fall 1400 mm
Himalayan Jewel- Himachal Pradesh at a Glance
Nestled in the Himalayas, the world's mightiest mountain ranges,
Himachal is blessed with some of the most spectacular landscapes
anywhere. Truly a travellers paradise, with mighty snow peaks, deep
gorges, lush green and golden valleys, flower filled meadows, misty
woods, fast flowing icy rivers, glaciers and enchanting lakes. While
the picturesque valleys of Kullu, Kinnaur and Kangra are a riot of
colours, in marked contrast the barren terrain of Lahaul & Spiti have
a stunning lunar landscape like beauty.
For the visitor there are superb locations for relaxing and sight
seeing. There are also tremendous opportunities for trekking,
mountaineering, fishing, river rafting, skiing, para-gliding, ice
skating and golf.
Having an excellent network of roads and communication facilities,
Himachal has a clean and peaceful environment.
History of Himachal
After Indian Independence, a Union Territory of Hill states was
created. It primarily consituted of hill states around Shimla.
Himachal Pradesh became a full fledged state of the Republic of India
on January 25, 1971.
People and Culture
Ninety percent of the people of Himachal live in villages and small
towns. The villages are mostly self-contained with a few shops to take
care of basic necessities of life. Most villages have a temple, where
people congregate for worship. In many parts of the Himachal the
village Gods are carried on palanquins to village fairs. On Dussehra
the largest congregation of village Gods takes place at Kullu.
The folk songs of Himachal Pradesh are full of charm. They are usually
based on a religious or a romantic theme. People gather in a circle in
village fairs and dance to the tune of these songs. The dancing is
usually spontaneous during a village fair and is symbolic of the peace
and joy of the people.
Himachal Pradesh has a varied topography, climate and forest cover and
is endowed with a vast variety of flora and fauna. From times
immemorial, this tract is known for its wilderness, landscapes,
beautiful forests and wildlife. In Himachal Pradesh, out of the total
geographical area of 55,670 sqkm, the forest area as per legal
classification is 37,691 sq km. At present there are 32 Sanctuaries, 2
National Parks and 3 Games Reserves.
Himachal was known since the earliest of times as "Devabhoomi", the
abode of the Gods. The splendid heights of the Himalyan ranges, with
its great scenic beauty and aura of spiritual calm seem the natural
home of the Gods. Two thousands or more temples all over the State,
reiterate this fact.
Being a State full of isolated valleys and high ranges, several
different styles of temple architecture developed and there are
temples with carved stone shikharas, pagoda style shrines, temples
that look like Buddhist Gompas or Sikh Gurudwaras etc. Several of them
are important places of pilgrimage and each year attract thousands of
devotees from all over the country
Himachal Tourism a pioneer in the development of tourism
infrastructure in Himachal, has Himachal's largest complete package of
tourism services, including accommodation, catering, transport and
Himachal Tourism has divided the state into four interesting circuits.
The Sutlej circuit passes through the shiwalik foot hills
through apple orchards, forests of pine, oak and deodar, majestic
monuments of the Raj, snow covered ski slopes and the furious Sutlej
river. This circuit covers Delhi - Rohru - Rampur - Sarahan - Narkanda
- Naldehra - Tattapani - Shimla - Kiarighat - Delhi. This voyage also
includes Renuka, Paonta Sahib and Nahan.
The Beas covers the highly picturesque Beas valley - the
valley of gods. Flower covered meadows, terraced fields of apple,
paddy, maize and the sparkling Beas river. It covers Delhi - Shimla -
Mandi - Rewalsar - KulluManali - Rohtang - Nagar Manikaran - Delhi.
One can also continue to Leh across the Baralacha pass.
The Dhauladhar circuit passes in the shadow of the mighty
and majestic snow clad Dhauladhar ranges, which dominate the beautiful
Kangra valley, dotted by flower filled meadows, temples, tea gardens
and flocks of sheep. It covers: Delhi - Chintpurni - Jwalamukhi -
Kangra - Dalhousie - Khajjiar - Chamba - Dharamsala - Chamunda -
Palampur - Jogindernagar - Delhi.
The Tribal Circuit passes through a spectacular terrain
of river valleys, cold desert mountains, high passes, snow capped
peaks, icy lakes, mighty glaciers-an exotic tribal country dotted by
monasteries. It covers: Delhi - Shimla - Narkanda/Hatkoti - Sarahan -
Sangla - Kalpa - Pooh - Nako - Tabo - Dhankar - Kaza - Losar - Kunzam
- Koksar - Sissu - Keylong - Udaipur - Trilokpur - Rohtang - Manali -
Climate-temperate. Season: Winter (Dec-March) Av. temp.
-5C to 25C in lower hills. -5C to 15C in mid hills Summer (April-June)
Av. temp. 15C to 35C in lower hills. 10C to 25C in in mid/higher hills
Monsoon (July 15th-Sept.) Av. temp. 15C to 30C in lower hills. 10C to
25C in mid/higher hill
Nearest Railway Station (Broad gauge) Chandigarh, Kalka,
Pathankot and Nangal. (Narrow gauge) Shimla, Jogindernagar. Airport:
Jubbarhatti (Shimla), Bhuntar (Kullu) and Gaggal (Dharamsala)
(1) Important Trek routes: Rohru - Chanshal - Dodrakwar - Rupin
- Sangla; Sangla - Badrinath; Jalori pass; Chandrakhani - Pass (Kullu
Manali - Chandratal Manali - Parvati valley Dharamsala - Triuns -
Chamba Bharmour - Manimahesh Chamba - Kullar over Sach pass; Bharmour
- Baijnath; Bharmour - Lahaul; Chandratal; Barashigri glacier; Kinner
- Kailash Bhaba - Pin Valley.
(1) Skiing and Ice Skating: (January to March) Solang Nalla (Manali)
Narkanda and Rohtang Pass. Ice Skating Shimla, Heli-skiing Manali.
(2) River Rafting: In Sutlej, Beas and Chenab rivers, Shamshi (Kullu),
Tattapani, Rampur and Jispa. (Lahaul)
(3) Para-gliding & Hang-gliding: Bir, Manali, Bilaspur and
(4) Lake sports: Gobindsagar (Bilaspur) Pongdam (Kangra)
(5) Fishing: Rohru, Sangla, Sainj, Katrain, Barot for trout
(6) Wildlife Parks and Sanctuaries: Great Himalayan National
Park Parvati Valley, Kullu. High altitude Pin valley National park,
Spiti. Renuka Sanctuary, Pongdam Sanctuary, Sarahan Phasentry, Kufri
and Gopalpur zoo.
(7) Lakes and Rivers: Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna,
Pabbar, Giri, Parvati, Baspa
(8) Lakes: Prashar, Khajjiar, Renuka, Gobindsagar, Dal, Pongdam,
Pandoh, Manimahesh, Brighu, Chandratal.
(9) Temples: Jwalamukhi, Chamunda, Brajeshwari, Chintpurni,
Baijnath, Laxminarayan, Chaurasi, Chhatrari, Taranadevi, Rewalsar,
Raghunath, Bijlimahadev, Dhungri, Bhimakali, Hatkoti Jakhoo,
Sankatmochan, Kalibari, Nainadevi and Baba balak nath, Deothsidh.
(10) Buddhist Monasteries: Dharamsala Tashizong, Rewalsar,
Manali, Kardang, Sashur, Key, Dhankar, Tabo, Nako, Pooh, Kanam, Jangi,
Murang, Ribba, Reckongpeo.
(11) Sikh Pilgrimage Centres: Paonta Sahib, Rewalsar and
(12) Churches: Christ Church Kasauli, Christ Church Shimla, St.
Johns Church, Mecleodgang, St. Francis Dalhousie.
(13) Fairs: Winter Carnival Manali, (Feb.) Mandi, Shivratri
(March), Ladarcha fair, Spiti, (July) Minjar fair, Chamba, Manimahesh
fair, Bharmour and Tribal Festival, Keylong (August) Phulech (festival
of flowers), Kinnaur (Sept.) Kullu Dushera (October), Lavi fair,
Rampur (Nov.), Renuka fair, (Nov.) Ice Skating Carnival, (Dec.).
(14) Heritage Monuments: Kangra fort, Taragarh, Rampur,
Nalagarh, Arki and Jubbal palaces, Bhimakali Temple, Naggar Castle,
Kamru fort, Gondla fort (Lahaul Vice regal lodge, Christ Church,
Chapslee, Wood villa palace, Chail Palace.
(15) Museums: State
Museum, Shimla, Kangra art Gallery Dharamsala, Bhurisingh Museum
Chamba, Roerich art gallery Naggar, Sobha Singh art gallery Andreta