Meghalaya is a
hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long
(east-west) and 100 km wide, with a total area of about 22,429
kmē. The population numbered 2,175,000 in 2000. The state is
bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south. The
capital is Shillong, which has a population of 260,000.
About one third of the state is forested. The Meghalaya
subtropical forests ecoregion encompasses the state; its montane
forests are distinct from the lowland tropical forests to the
north and south. The forests of Meghalaya are notable for their
biodiversity of mammals, birds, and plants.