Location: Situated in
Rajasthan in North India, Jaipur is 259 km from Delhi and 232 km from
Significance: Capital of Rajasthan State.
Climate: Jaipur has hot and sultry summers and cold winters.
The maximum temperature in summer is around 45ºC. In winters, days are
sunny and pleasant days but during nights, temperature can be as low
as around 5ºC. Hazy evenings are also part of the winters here.
Envisioned and built by the great and mighty king, Sawai Raja Jai
Singh, the name of the city 'Jaipur' has two fold emphasis. 'Jai'
means conquest and is also the first name of its maker. Today, the
city is a foremost tourist attraction in India because of its
superlative forts, grandiose palaces, vivacious temples, multicolored
bazaars, pulsating streets and its distinguished pink color to which
the city owes its oft-used name 'The Pink City'. This illustrious pink
color symbolizes 'welcome' and was embraced during the times of the
ruler Ram Singh II when he expected the Prince of Wales in 1876. The
color was selected after several experiments to cut down the severe
glare from the reflection of the glowing rays of the sun. Today, every
home in the old city is obliged by law to maintain this
distinctiveness of the city. Throughout the old city you can see the
traditional, fabulous, pink-colored houses with latticed windows
lending charisma to a scene, which is almost miraculous at sunset.
Raja Man Singh erected Amer Palace in 16th century. It is an
attention-grabbing mélange of Hindu and Mughal architecture. Jai
Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Sukh Niwas and Ganesh Pole are the focal areas
of interest in the palace.
Latticed windows and stone screens lend a supplementary fascination to
the multi-layered palace of Hawa Mahal. Raja Sawai Pratap Singh (who
was the grandson of Sawai Jai Singh and the son of Sawai Madho Singh)
built it in 1799.
Chandra Mahal, prevalently known as City Palace, is still the dwelling
place of the royal family, at least, in part, while Maharaja Sawai Man
Singh II Museum engages the ground floors and outer courtyards. The
museum offers rare manuscripts, Mughal and Rajasthani miniature
paintings, Mughal carpets, royal costumes and textiles and armory.
Formerly known as Sudarshan Garh, Nahargarh or the Tiger fort was put
up in 1734 by Raja Jai Singh II. It was one of the first of the three
forts built by the rulers of Jaipur and from here one can see the
picturesque beauty of the Man Sagar Lake.
Jai Garh Fort
Jaigarh fort was built in 1726 by Raja Sawai Jai Singh and is
analogous in its architectural style to the Amber Fort. It features
the impressive Jaivana, the largest wheeled canon in the world along
with a museum, three water tanks and eye-catching views of the city of
Samode Palace (40-km North West)
The attractive Samode Palace has been restructured and refurbished and
is now serving as one of the family run hotels that offer custom-made
service and attention to detail. It is a wonderful example of the
Rajput haveli structural design and offers a panoramic vision to its
An 18th century pleasure palace, hovering over Mansagar Lake, Jal
Mahal is noted for its convoluted design and magnificent structural
design. Situated across the cenotaphs, there is a land bridge that
leads one to the Jal Mahal Palace.
Government Central Museum
Conceived by Colonel Sir Swinton Jacob in 1876, Government Central
museum or Albert Hall Museum is the oldest museum of the state.
Located in the Ramnivas Gardens, it has Indo-Persian style of
architecture. The museum has a wide range of domestic metal objects,
miniature paintings from the Bundi, Kishangarh, Kota, Udaipur and
Jaipur schools of painting, traditional ceremonial dress worn by royal
families and samples of wood block printing.
Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh
Built by Sawai Jai Singh II for his Sisodia queen - the Sisodia
Rani-ka-Bagh has fabulous tiered multilevel gardens, fountains, pools,
some gorgeous pieces of sculpture and painted pavilions.
Built in the memory of Vidyadhar, the designer of the Pink City, it is
situated 7 km east of Jaipur in a narrow valley enclosed by high
hills. It has been remodeled recently and used to be the ex-vineyard
of the royalty. This is a terraced garden with fountains, pool and
other features of a decorous royal resort.
The astonishing astronomical three-storey-high observatory was built
between 1728 and 1734 based on the drafts of Maharaja Jai Singh II.
Jantar-Mantar in Sanskrit means 'Magical Device'.
It is held in March or April every year on the propitious occasion of
Holi, the celebration of colors. As the name suggests, dozens of
elephants parade at the Chaugan stadium. The best-attired elephant is
given a prize. Elephant Polo and cultural songs & dances are featured
events in this festival.
Jaipur Festival is a fairly contemporary event that takes place in the
month of November where innumerable of programs, competitions and
felicitations are prearranged and are meant to revive old customs and
traditions of the princely Jaipur. It closes on, November the 18th,
which is supposed to be 'the birthday' of Jaipur.
Jaipur is well known all over the world for its gemstones master
cutters, polishers and gemstone dealers and also for its cut and
polished emeralds. A world leader in semi-precious stones and Kundan -
Meena jewellery, one can can also find good bargains for Lacquered
Bangles, Hand Block Printed Textiles, glazed Blue Pottery with its
origin in Persia, Tie & dye Fabrics (Bandhani/Bandhej), Stone Craft
Marble and sandstone articles and traditional miniature paintings in