Udaipur is situated around
the shimmering clear blue water lakes, which whisper the mood of a
bygone era. The city acquires its scenic beauty from the Aravallis.
Three lakes- Pichola, Fateh Sagar and Udai Sagar make it an oasis in
Founded by Maharana Udai Singh II in 1568, Udaipur has many legends
attached to it. Udai Singh founded this city after Mughal Emperor
Akbar besieged his fortress, Chittorgarh. It is believed that a holy
man, meditating on the hill near Pichola Lake, advised Udai Singh to
set up his capital here. After his death in 1572, Udai Singh was
succeeded by Maharana Pratap, the most admired Rajput hero. As you
read on this Udaipur city guide further, you will get to know more
about this beautiful city.
During Maharana Pratap's reign, Udaipur saw a battle being fought with
the Mughals at Haldighati in 1576. In the years that followed, there
were numerous invasions and battles fought by Mewar. All this came to
rest in 19th century with the help of British intervention. A treaty
was signed to protect Udaipur from the foreign invaders. After
becoming independent, Udaipur merged itself within the union of India.
Also known as the Venice of the east, the city Udaipur in Rajasthan,
India mesmerizes the tourists with its charm and beauty. Because of
many lakes Udaipur, it is sometimes also called the city of lakes.
Udaipur travel and tourism will bring you across a number of palaces,
rich in architectural beauty. The Lake Palace on Jag Niwas Island in
the middle of Pichola Lake, along with the City Palace and the Jag
Niwas are some of the famous palaces of the city. Udaipur is also
known for its exquisite arts, craft and miniature paintings. Then
there is also the famous Shilpgram festival attracting the tourists to
Lake Palace: Built by Maharana Jagat Singh in 1743,
Lake Palace is situated on the Jag Niwas Island in the middle of Lake
Pichola. It was constructed to serve as a summer palace for the
royalty and covers an area of 1.5 hectare. Textiles and handicrafts
used in ethnic themes all over the palace make it a mesmerizing sight.
Presently, the palace has been converted into a five star hotel.
Lake Pichola: Udaipur, Rajasthan sightseeing tour is
incomplete without a visit to this lake. An artificial lake, Lake
Pichola was constructed by Maharana Udai Singh II after he founded the
city of Udaipur. The lake is 4 km long and 3 km wide and encloses the
Jag Niwas Island and the Jag Mandir. One of the most scenic spots of
Udaipur, Lake Pichola also houses the City Palace on its eastern
Jag Mandir: Built by Maharana Karan Singh, Jag Mandir
was meant to serve as a hideout for Prince Khurram, the estranged son
of Emperor Jehangir. Located on the other island palace in Lake
Pichola, the palace has some exquisite carvings. The examples of
carvings include a row of carved elephants guarding the island, grey
and blue stone carved chhatri, etc.
City Palace: A fusion of Medieval European and
Chinese architecture, the City Palace was built by Maharaja Udai
Singh. This marble monument is situated on the eastern banks of Lake
Pichola. Numerous balconies, towers and cupolas of the palace provide
a marvelous view of the lake and the city below. A triple arched gate
called Tripolia, built in 1725, provides the entry to the palace.
Jagdish Mandir: Maharana Jagat Singh I built the
Jagdish temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu, in 1651. It houses an image
of Lord Vishnu in black stone, along with a brass image of Garuda, his
carrier. Covering the exterior and the plinth are base relief of
alligators, elephants, horsemen and celestial musicians, rising in
rows. It is the largest temple in Udaipur.
Fateh Sagar Lake:
Built by Maharana jai Singh in 1678, Fateh Sagar Lake lies to the
north of Lake Pichola. Maharana Fateh Singh reconstructed it later.
The attractions of the lake include the beautiful Nehru Island as well
as an islet housing a solar observatory.
Sahelion Ki Bari: Sahelion ki Bari, the garden of maidens, was built
by Maharana Sangram Singh in the mid 18th century. Pools with elegant
kiosks, flowerbeds, lawns, pools, fountains, along with an array of
trees make this garden eye-catching. There is also a sitting room
decorated with paintings and glass mosaics in the garden.
Bagore ki Haveli: One of the places to see in Udaipur
is the Bagore ki Haveli. Amir Chand Badwa, the Prime Minister of Mewar
built this palace on the waterfront of Lake Pichola at Gangori Ghat.
An eighteenth century monument, it has on display an array of costumes
and modern art. Delicate and exquisite glass and mirror work adorn the
interiors of the Haveli. After the death of Badwa, Maharana Shakti
Singh of Bagore occupied the building. It was then that the palace
acquired the name of Bagore-ki-haveli (the house of Bagore).
Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandir: Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandir
is a museum exhibiting a collection of folk arts, consisting of folk
outfits, curios, puppets, masks, dolls, folk musical instruments and
beautiful paintings, etc.
The climate of Udaipur is a tropical one. The summer season is
tolerably hot, with the average temperature hovering around 38.3° C
(max) to 28.8° C (min). The climatic conditions of Udaipur, Rajasthan
are quite pleasant in winters. The average temperature falls in the
range of 28.3° C (max) to 11.6° C (min). Udaipur weather experiences
scanty rainfall in the monsoon season, somewhere around 61 cm,