Gangtok Tours,About Gangtok,Gangtok Trekking Tours,Gangtok Monasteries,Gangtok Travel,Tours to Gangtok,Map of Gangtok,Gangtok Travelling,Visit Gangtok,Visit North East India,Travel to Gangtok,North East Gangtok Tours,Gangtok by Air

 

             

Home

E mail Us

Site Map

 
 
IndiaAccommodation
IndiaStates of India
IndiaAmazing India
India Holiday Tour Packages
IndiaReservation / Booking
 
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
ASSAM
ARUNACHAL & PRADESH
ANDHRA & PRADESH
BIHAR
CHHATTISGARH
DELHI
GOA
GUJARAT
HIMACHAL & PRADESH
JAMMU & KASHMIR
JHARKHAND
KARNATAKA
KERALA
MADHYA & PRADESH
MAHARASHTRA
MEGHALAYA
MANIPUR
MIZORAM
ORISSA
PUNJAB & HARYANA
SIKKIM
RAJASTHAN
TRIPURA
TAMIL & NADU
UTTAR & PRADESH
UTTARANCHAL
WEST & BENGAL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sikkim  >> Places of Interest  >>  Cultures  >>   Gangtok  >>  Festivals  >>  Geography & Climate  >> Map of Sikkim
                 
Rafting in Sikkim  >>   Trekking Tour Package  >>   Sikkim Wildlife Tour  

TOURS TO GANGTOK

Gangtok is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. It is situated in the lower Himalayas, located at 27.2 N 88.4 E. Known for its clean surroundings and temperate climate, this hill station of about fifty thousand people is the centre of Sikkim's tourist industry.

Gangtok was a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center. It became a major stopover between Tibet and British India at the end of the 19th century. Following India's independence in 1947, Sikkim became a nation-state with Gangtok as its capital. In 1975 the monarchy was abrogated and Sikkim became India's twenty-second state, with Gangtok remaining as its capital.

History

Not much is known about the early history of Gangtok. The earliest records date from the construction of the hermitic Gangtok monastery in 1716. Gangtok remained a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center. After the defeat of the Tibetans by the British, Gangtok became a major stopover in the trade between Tibet and British India at the end of the 19th century. Most of the roads and the telegraph in the area were built during this time.

In 1894, Thutob Namgyal, the Sikkimese monarch under British rule, shifted the capital from Tumlong to Gangtok, increasing its importance. A new grand palace along with other state buildings was built in the new capital. Following India's independence in 1947, Sikkim became a nation-state with Gangtok as its capital. Sikkim became a suzerain of India, with the condition that it would retain its independence, by the treaty signed between the Chogyal and the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Trade between India and Tibet continued to flourish through the Nathula and Jelepla passes, offshoots of the ancient Silk Road near Gangtok. These border passes were sealed after the Sino-Indian War in 1962, which deprived Gangtok of its trading business. In 1975, the monarchy was abrogated and Sikkim became India's twenty-second state, with Gangtok as its capital


Culture

Major Indian festivals, such as Diwali and Makar Sankranti (the popular Hindu festivals) along with the Buddhist festivals like Losar, Loosong, Bhumchu, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen and Drupka Teshi are celebrated in Gangtok. During the Losar, the Tibetan New Year in mid-December, most government offices and tourist centres are closed for a week. In recent times, Christmas has also been celebrated in Gangtok.

Residents of Sikkim are music lovers and it is common to hear Western rock music being played in homes and restaurants. Hindi pop songs are also common. Indigenous Nepali rock, music suffused with a western rock beat and Nepali lyrics, is also particularly popular.

Football (soccer) and cricket are the two most popular sports. The Paljor Stadium, which hosts football matches, is the sole sporting ground in the city.

Noodle-based foods such as the thukpa, chowmein, thanthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton, are relished in Gangtok. The momo is a popular snack made from vegetable, beef, or pork filling, which is steamed and served with a soup. Alcohol is cheap due to low excise duty in Sikkim. Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are frequently consumed by both locals and non-locals.

Localities Sightseeing

The areas which make up Gangtok though in no particular order are :

Palzor Stadium Road

Also called P.S. Road, it joins the low lying localities and suburbs with the main town. Palzor Stadium is one of its major stops. As it nears its end, it is flanked by many hotels and also the stop of the SNT or the Sikkim National Transport Buses. Some major hotels include Hotel Tibet, Hotel Mayur, Hotel Mt. Jopuno among others. The top floor of Hotel Tibet is the residence of The Dalai Lama when he visits Gangtok. There is also a Taxi stand.

Mahtama Gandhi Road

Also called M.G. Road, it is the main commercial district of Gangtok. There are many shops run by members of the Marwari community or migrant Biharis.

Lal Bazar

This is the main market of the town and occurs at the end of M.G. Road. Farmers from all over the state and adjoining areas including Nepal and Bhutan come to the market to sell their produce every weekend.

Development Area

This area is fairly remote and is situated at a higher altitude and has been identified by the Govt. for future expansion. It is also called Zero Point. The State Library is in this area.

Gangtok's highest lodge is the Siniolchu Lodge located near the Enchey Monastery. It is also close to the state's main TV transmission tower.
Beach Tours
- Andaman Beaches
- Exotic Beaches
- Honeymoon Tour
- Golden Beaches
- Orissa Beaches
- Mumbai Beaches

               ... more Beaches

North India Tours
- Rajasthan Travel
- Himachal Pradesh Travel
- Punjab Travel
- Delhi Travel
- Uttar Pradesh Travel
- Uttaranchal Travel

                     
         .. more state guide
   
    
Hotels in India

- Rajasthan Hotels
- Delhi Hotels
- Himachal Hotels
- Kerala Hotels
- Goa Hotels
- Mumbai Hotels

         .. more state guide 

Religious Tours
- Amarnath Yatra Tour
- Kailash Mansarovar Yatra
- Buddhist India Tour
- Chardham Yatra Tour
- Golden Temple Tour
- Hemkund Sahib Yatra

        .. more Religious Tours
Wildlife India Tours
- Corbett National Park
- Ranthambore National Park
- Kanha National Park
- Periyar National Park
- Kaziranga National Park
- Bandhavgarh National Park

            ... more wildlife India