Sikkim Tours,About Sikkim,Sikkim Trekking Tours,Sikkim Monasteries,Sikkim Travel,Tours to Sikkim,Map of Sikkim,Sikkim Travelling,Visit Sikkim,Visit North East India,Travel to Sikkim,North East Sikkim Tours,Sikkim by Air

 

             

Home

E mail Us

Site Map

 
 
IndiaAccommodation
IndiaStates of India
IndiaAmazing India
India Holiday Tour Packages
IndiaReservation / Booking
 
ANDAMAN & NICOBAR
ASSAM
ARUNACHAL & PRADESH
ANDHRA & PRADESH
BIHAR
CHHATTISGARH
DELHI
GOA
GUJARAT
HIMACHAL & PRADESH
JAMMU & KASHMIR
JHARKHAND
KARNATAKA
KERALA
MADHYA & PRADESH
MAHARASHTRA
MEGHALAYA
MANIPUR
MIZORAM
ORISSA
PUNJAB & HARYANA
SIKKIM
RAJASTHAN
TRIPURA
TAMIL & NADU
UTTAR & PRADESH
UTTARANCHAL
WEST & BENGAL
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Sikkim  >> Places of Interest  >>  Cultures  >>   Gangtok  >>  Festivals  >>  Geography & Climate  >> Map of Sikkim
                 
Rafting in Sikkim  >>   Trekking Tour Package  >>   Sikkim Wildlife Tour  

GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE OF SIKKIM

Himalayan peaks, Western SikkimThe thumb-shaped state of Sikkim is characterised by wholly mountainous terrain. Almost the entire state is hilly, with the elevation ranging from 280 metres (920 feet) to 8,585 metres (28,000 feet). The summit of the Kanchenjunga is the highest point. For the most part, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the precipitous and rocky slopes. However, certain hill slopes have been converted into farm lands using terrace farming techniques. Numerous snow-fed streams in Sikkim have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. These streams combine into the Teesta and its tributary, the Rangeet. The Teesta, described as the "lifeline of Sikkim", flows through the state from north to south. About a third of the land is heavily forested.


The Himalayan mountain range in North Sikkim.The lofty Himalayan ranges surround the northern, eastern and western borders of Sikkim in a crescent. The populated areas lie in the southern reaches of the state, in the Lower Himalayas. The state has twenty-eight mountain peaks, twenty-one glaciers, 227 high-altitude lakes, including the Tsongmo Lake, Gurudongmar and Khecheopalri Lakes, five hot springs, and over 100 rivers and streams. Eight mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal
Hot Springs
Sikkim has many hot springs known for medicinal and therapeutic values. The most important hot springs are at Phurchachu(Reshi), Yumthang, Borang, Ralang, Taram-chu and Yumey Samdong. All these hot springs have high sulphur content and are located near river banks. The average temperature of the water in these hot springs is 50C.


Climate

The climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the northern parts. Most of the inhabited regions of Sikkim, however, enjoy a temperate climate, with the temperatures seldom exceeding 28 C (82 F) in summer or dropping below 0 C (32 F) in winter. The state enjoys five seasons: winter, summer, spring, and autumn, and a monsoon season between June and September. The average annual temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 C (64 F). Sikkim is one of the few states in India to receive regular snowfall. The snow line is around 6 000 metres (19,600 feet).

During the monsoon months, the state is lashed by heavy rains that increase the number of landslides. The state record for the longest period of non-stop rain is eleven days. In the northern region, because of high altitude, temperatures drop below −40 C in winter. Fog also affects many parts of the state during winter and the monsoons, making transportation extremely perilous.[

Beach Tours
- Andaman Beaches
- Exotic Beaches
- Honeymoon Tour
- Golden Beaches
- Orissa Beaches
- Mumbai Beaches

               ... more Beaches

North India Tours
- Rajasthan Travel
- Himachal Pradesh Travel
- Punjab Travel
- Delhi Travel
- Uttar Pradesh Travel
- Uttaranchal Travel

                     
         .. more state guide
   
    
Hotels in India

- Rajasthan Hotels
- Delhi Hotels
- Himachal Hotels
- Kerala Hotels
- Goa Hotels
- Mumbai Hotels

         .. more state guide 

Religious Tours
- Amarnath Yatra Tour
- Kailash Mansarovar Yatra
- Buddhist India Tour
- Chardham Yatra Tour
- Golden Temple Tour
- Hemkund Sahib Yatra

        .. more Religious Tours
Wildlife India Tours
- Corbett National Park
- Ranthambore National Park
- Kanha National Park
- Periyar National Park
- Kaziranga National Park
- Bandhavgarh National Park

            ... more wildlife India